The next pair is also a couple of cousins, but these are not found in the same sort of habitats.  Black-winged red birds, Scarlet Tanagers

are treetop birds of dense woods and deeper forests, which sing their scratchy, Robin-like song from high up in the forest canopy.  The alarm call, “chip-burr”, or “keep-back” is very distinctive.

The all-red Summer Tanagers are birds of wood edges and open forests, and are often much easier to spot as they will sing their slightly burry Robin-like song from lower down in trees and tall shrubs.  These birds also have a very distinctive alarm call which sounds like “chicky-tucky-tuck”.  The females, like the female Orioles, are plain yellowish birds, although Tanagers have no wingbars, and have the heavy, slightly curved bills of tanagers rather than the long, sharp, pointy bills of Orioles.  These female Tanagers are probably best distinguished by their alarm calls…